As part of a R&D initiative at Obscura, I was tasked with investigating NVIDIA’s new RTX graphics card line. One of the primary features enabled by the RTX cards is support for real-time raytracing.
Using C++ and the new Vulkan raytracing extensions, I created a sample app to demonstrate this new functionality. RTX introduces 5 new shader stages (3 of which are required) as part of a new raytracing-specific pipeline object. Geometry is uploaded into GPU-side buffers from which an acceleration structure is constructed to aid in efficient ray-triangle intersection calculations.
My application supported basic implicit surfaces (spheres and planes) as well as .obj loading via tinyobjloader (an external C++ header-only library).
The first example demonstrates a simple raytracer with direct lighting only. The second example demonstrates a path tracer, which calculates direct and indirect lighting via Monte Carlo sampling, which, of course, leads to visible noise in the final render.